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Number of species: 80

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Magnolia Warbler - Setophaga magnolia

Age and sex of Magnolia Warblers is normally identifiable by plumage; while sex of some HY individuals cannot be reliably determined, in many cases it is possible if multiple criteria agree

Quick Tips:

  • Look at the primary coverts - on HY/SY birds they are brownish and contrast visibly with the black greater coverts, while on AHY/ASY birds they are blackish and relatively uniform in colour and wear with the greater coverts
  • Check the tail - HY/SY birds have relatively narrow and somewhat tapered rectrices, while AHY/ASY birds have broad and fairly rounded rectrices; also, males tend to have blackish to black tail feathers, while on females they are more dusky
  • In spring look at the face - males have a black mask, while females have a gray face
  • Examine r2 (the second rectrix from the centre) - on AHY/ASY males the white spot is similar in size to that on other rectrices, on AHY/ASY females and HY/SY males the white spot is slightly to moderately smaller than on other rectrices, and on HY/SY females the white spot is absent or considerably smaller than on other rectrices

Species account prepared by McGill Bird Observatory

Click on any image below to bring up the side-by-side comparison tool.
Age / Sex  Image sets 
Hatch year / Male
Primary coverts brownish and contrasting with darker greater coverts; blackish uppertail coverts with bluish-green edging; distinct black streaking on flanks; rectrices blackish and relatively narrow and pointed with moderate to considerable white on r2
Thumbnail - MG2-2550-58911-Setophaga_magnolia_AOU_7_52-2471.jpg Thumbnail - MG2-2550-58911-Setophaga_magnolia_AOU_7_52-2469.jpg Thumbnail - MG2-2550-58911-Setophaga_magnolia_AOU_7_52-2470.jpg

Thumbnail - MG2-2630-69172-Setophaga_magnolia_AOU_7_52-2474.jpg Thumbnail - MG2-2630-69172-Setophaga_magnolia_AOU_7_52-2472.jpg Thumbnail - MG2-2630-69172-Setophaga_magnolia_AOU_7_52-2473.jpg
Hatch year / Female
Primary coverts brownish and contrasting with greater coverts; dark uppertail coverts with grayish-green edging; indistinct dark streaking on flanks; rectrices dark gray and relatively narrow and pointed with no to moderate white on r2
Thumbnail - MG2-2410-92310-Setophaga_magnolia_AOU_7_52-2465.jpg Thumbnail - MG2-2410-92310-Setophaga_magnolia_AOU_7_52-2463.jpg Thumbnail - MG2-2410-92310-Setophaga_magnolia_AOU_7_52-2464.jpg
After hatch year / Male
Primary coverts blackish, not contrasting with greater coverts; black uppertail coverts with minimal bluish edging; strong black streaks on flanks; rectrices black and broad and rounded with extensive white on r2
Thumbnail - MG2-2530-54818-Setophaga_magnolia_AOU_7_52-2450.jpg Thumbnail - MG2-2530-54818-Setophaga_magnolia_AOU_7_52-2448.jpg Thumbnail - MG2-2530-54818-Setophaga_magnolia_AOU_7_52-2449.jpg

Thumbnail - MG2-2530-54887-Setophaga_magnolia_AOU_7_52-2453.jpg Thumbnail - MG2-2530-54887-Setophaga_magnolia_AOU_7_52-2451.jpg Thumbnail - MG2-2530-54887-Setophaga_magnolia_AOU_7_52-2452.jpg
After hatch year / Female
Primary coverts blackish, not contrasting with greater coverts; blackish uppertail coverts with bluish-green edging; fine dark streaks on flanks; rectrices blackish and broad and rounded with moderate extent of white on r2
Thumbnail - MG2-2550-58131-Setophaga_magnolia_AOU_7_52-2459.jpg Thumbnail - MG2-2550-58131-Setophaga_magnolia_AOU_7_52-2457.jpg Thumbnail - MG2-2550-58131-Setophaga_magnolia_AOU_7_52-2458.jpg

Thumbnail - MG2-2530-52455-Setophaga_magnolia_AOU_7_52-2930.jpg Thumbnail - MG2-2530-52455-Setophaga_magnolia_AOU_7_52-2928.jpg Thumbnail - MG2-2530-52455-Setophaga_magnolia_AOU_7_52-2929.jpg
Second year / Male
Black facial patch; primary coverts brownish and sharply contrasting with darker greater coverts; uppertail coverts blackish with some gray; rectrices relatively narrow and pointed with moderate amount of white on r2
Thumbnail - MG2-2110-11393-Setophaga_magnolia_AOU_7_52-2486.jpg Thumbnail - MG2-2110-11393-Setophaga_magnolia_AOU_7_52-2484.jpg Thumbnail - MG2-2110-11393-Setophaga_magnolia_AOU_7_52-2485.jpg

Thumbnail - MG2-2110-11379-Setophaga_magnolia_AOU_7_52-2489.jpg Thumbnail - MG2-2110-11379-Setophaga_magnolia_AOU_7_52-2487.jpg Thumbnail - MG2-2110-11379-Setophaga_magnolia_AOU_7_52-2488.jpg
Second year / Female
Gray facial patch; primary coverts brownish and sharply contrasting with darker greater coverts; uppertail coverts dull blackish and edged gray-green; rectrices relatively narrow and pointed with little or no white on r2
Thumbnail - MG2-2480-15917-Setophaga_magnolia_AOU_7_52-2495.jpg Thumbnail - MG2-2480-15917-Setophaga_magnolia_AOU_7_52-2493.jpg Thumbnail - MG2-2480-15917-Setophaga_magnolia_AOU_7_52-2494.jpg
After second year / Male
Black facial patch; primary coverts blackish, not contrasting with greater coverts; black uppertail coverts with minimal bluish edging; broad and rounded rectrices with extensive white on r2
Thumbnail - MG2-2410-27926-Setophaga_magnolia_AOU_7_52-2477.jpg Thumbnail - MG2-2410-27926-Setophaga_magnolia_AOU_7_52-2475.jpg Thumbnail - MG2-2410-27926-Setophaga_magnolia_AOU_7_52-2476.jpg
After second year / Female
Gray facial patch; primary coverts blackish, not contrasting with greater coverts; uppertail coverts blackish with some gray; broad and rounded rectrices with moderate amount of white on r2
Thumbnail - MH3-2480-15906-Setophaga_magnolia_AOU_7_52-397.jpg Thumbnail - MH3-2480-15906-Setophaga_magnolia_AOU_7_52-398.jpg Thumbnail - MH3-2480-15906-Setophaga_magnolia_AOU_7_52-399.jpg

Additional age / sex class descriptions

The following additional age / sex class descriptions were found for this species:
Age / Sex   Age / Sex class description
Juvenile / Unknown Brownish above, and yellowish-brown below, with distinct buffy wing bars; rectrices already with distinct large white spots
Number of species: 80

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